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猪常见呼吸道疾病综合防控技术探讨

作者:1 发布:2015-12-02
   夏秋季节,天气转凉,气候多变,季节交替导致猪群呼吸道疾病多发。引起猪群出现呼吸道疾病的原因是多方面的,通常是由病毒、细菌、支原体、环境及饲养管理 等多种因素相互作用所致。发病猪群主要表现为咳嗽、喘气、呼吸困难、消瘦、后期衰竭死亡等呼吸道疾病综合征(PRDC)。目前,猪呼吸道疾病是猪场最为突 出的疾病之一。该病在猪场反复发生,防治困难,给猪场造成较严重的经济损失。因此,如何防止猪呼吸道疾病的发生,减少由此带来的经济损失是广大养殖户最为 关心的问题!本文就猪常见呼吸道疾病的致病因素、发病模式、流行特点及综合防控技术做简单探讨,为猪场防控猪呼吸道疾病提供参考。

 

1. 猪常见呼吸道疾病致病因素分析

    DANGQIANYINQIZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEYUANYINBIJIAOFUZA,JIYOUFEIBINGYUANYINSU,YEYOUBINGYUANYINSU,TONGSHICUNZAIDUOZHONGYINSUXIANGHUZUOYONGDEJIEGUOSUOZHI。ZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEFASHENGZHUYAOYOUYIXIAZHIBINGYINSU:1. JIJIEJIAOTI,TIANQIDUOBIAN,ZHOUYEWENCHADA,HUANJINGYINGJIDAOZHIZHUQUNSHOULIANGDIKANGLIXIAJIANG,CONGERYIFASHENGHUXIDAOJIBING。2.ZHUCHANGHUANJINGELIE,WEISHENGBULIANG,JIBINGYUANJUNDEZISHENGCHUANGZAOLEJIAOWEIYOULIDE TIAOJIAN,ZHUCHANGGANRANHUXIDAOBINGYUANJUNDEJILVJIADA。3.ZHUSHEKONGQIHUNZHUO,HUANJINGMIBI,KONGQIZHILIANGCHA,SHENEIANQIDENGYOUHAIQITIHANLIANGGAO,DUIZHUHUXIDAOCIJIJIAZHONG,ZAOCHENGZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGFABING LVSHENGGAO。4.ZHUZHISHIYONGHANMEIJUNDUSUDESILIAO,ZHISHIZHUQUNJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJIDIKANGLIXIAJIANG,ZAOCHENGMIANYIYIZHI,CONGERGANRANBINGDUHUOXIJUNYINQIHUXIDAOJIBING。5.ZHUQUNGANRANHUXIDAOJIBINGBINGYUAN, YINQIZHUCHANGJIANHUXIDAOJIBINGDECHUANRANXINGBINGYUANYOU:ZHUWEIKUANGQUAN(PR)、ZHULIUGAN(SI)、ZHUYUANHUANBINGDU(PCV)、ZHULANERBING(PRRS)、ZHUCHUANQIBING(MPS)、HUXIDAOGUANZHUANG BINGDUGANRAN(PRC)DENGYUANFAXINGBINGYUAN;ZHULIANQIUJUNBING(SS)、ZHUFUZHUSHIXUEGANJUNBING(HPS)、ZHUCHUANRANXINGXIONGMOFEIYAN(APP),ZHUFEIYI(PM),ZHUFUSHANGHAN(PS)DENGJI FAGANRANBINGYUAN。

 

2. 猪常见呼吸道疾病的症状和病理变化

亚博足彩     BENBINGDUOFASHENGYU6-10ZHOULINGBAOYUZHU,FABINGLV30%~60%,SIWANGLV5%~30%,BINGZHUBIAOXIANJINGSHENCHENYU,BEIMAOCULUAN,CAISHILIANGXIAJIANGHUOFEIJUE;KESOU、CHUANQI、HUXIKUNNAN、CHENG XIANMINGXIANDEFUSHIHUXI;TIWENSHENGGAO,YANJIEMOFAYAN,YANJIANSHUIZHONG,YANFENMIWUZENGDUO;HUANBINGZHUSHENGZHANGHUANMANHUOTINGZHI,XIAOSHOU,ZHADUI,HOUQISHUAIJIESIWANG。

亚博足彩     HUANBINGZHUBIAOXIANBUTONGCHENGDUDEFEIYAN,FEIKEJIANMIMANXINGJIANZHIXINGFEIYAN,HOUQIFEITAXIANWEISUO,FEIZHONGDACHUXUE,CHENGXIANGPIFEIYINGBIANHEHUABANYANGBINGBIAN,FEIZANGJIANYE、XINYEHEGEYEQIANYUANFASHENGROUYANGSHIBIAN,GE BIEFEIBIAOMIANCHUXIANHUANONGZAO;BINGZHUHAIBANFAGUANGFANXINGDUOFAXINGJIANGMOYAN,KEJIANXIONGFUQIANGXIANWEIXINGDANBAISHENCHU,YANZHONGZHEXINGCHENGZHANLIAN,XIONGQIANGHEXINBAOJIYEYANZHONG,YOUXINBAOYANZHENGZHUANG;QUANSHENLINBAJIEZHONGDA,CHONG XUEHUOCHUXUE;GANZHONGDAYUXUEHUOCHUXUE。

 

3. 猪常见呼吸道疾病的发病模式和流行特点

    ZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEFASHENGYUZHUCHANGDESIYANGGUANLISHUIPINGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。ZHUQUNMIDUGUODA,ZHUSHETONGFENGBULIANG,ZHOUYEWENCHADA、SHIDUDA、PINFANZHUANQUNHUOHUNQUNDEYINGJI、FEIQUANJINQUANCHUDESIYANGFANGSHIDENGYINSU DOUKECHENGWEIZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEYOUFAYINSU。CHUCIZHIWAI,RUOZHUQUNDEMIANYICHENGXUHEBAOJIANFANGANBUQUANMIAN、BUHELI,DAOZHIZHUQUNDEMIANYIZHUANGKUANGHEYINGYANGSHUIPINGDIXIA,YEKEYINQIZHUQUNHUXIDAOJIBINGDEFA SHENGHELIUXING。ZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEFASHENGWANGWANGSHIDUOZHONGBINGYUANDEHUNHEGANRAN,QIZHONG,YIBINGDUXINGBINGYUANTONGGUOPOHUAIHUXIXITONGDEFANGYUPINGZHANG,ZAOCHENGHUXIDAOMENHUDEDAKAI,SHIDEXIJUNXINGBINGYUANCHENGXUER RU,CONGERZAOCHENGJIFAHUOHUNHEGANRAN。YIBANERYAN,LINCHUANGSHANGDUOJIANDEZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGZHUYAOWEIZHULANERBING、ZHUYUANHUANBINGDUBING、ZHUWEIKUANGQUANDENGBINGDUXINGJIBINGJIFAGANRANFUZHUSHIXUEGANJUN、ZHULIANQIUJUN、 ZHUBASHIGANJUN、ZHUCHUANRANXINGXIONGMOFEIYANDENGXIJUNXINGJIBING。QIZHONG,LINCHUANGSHANGYIZHULANERBINGHEZHUYUANHUANBINGDUBINGJIFAGANRANFUZHUSHIXUEGANJUNDEBILIZUIGAO,ERZHUWEIKUANGQUANBINGDUBINGJIFAGANRANZHUCHUANRANXINGXIONG MOFEIYANZAIYUFEIZHUZHONGDEWEIHAIZUIDA。GAIBINGZAIZHUCHANGDUOSANFA,YOUSHICHENGDIFANGLIUXINGXING;BINGYUANFUZA,YIHUNHEGANRANWEIZHU,JIBINGNANYIKONGZHI;BINGYUANZAIZHUQUNZHONGZHANGQICUNZAI,QINGCHUJINGHUAKUNNAN;BINGYUAN DUOWEICHANGZAIXIJUNXINGBINGYUAN。

4. 猪常见呼吸道疾病综合防控技术

    4.1防控原则

    JIAQIANGGUANLI,JIANSHAOYINGJI;DINGQIXIAODU,MIANYIYUFANG;DUIZHENGZHILIAO,HELIYONGYAO;KONGZHIJIFAGANRAN,JIANSHAOSIWANG。

    4.2防控要点

    4.2.1JIAQIANGZHUCHANGSIYANGGUANLIGONGZUO

    ⑴ JIANLIHEWANSHANZHUCHANGSHENGWUANQUANTIXI,YANGEBAGUANQINGJIEWEISHENGHEXIAODUGONGZUO,YOUXIAOKONGZHIBINGYUANJUNDECHUANRU。⑵ JIANCHIZIFANZIYANG,BIMIANWAIDIYINZHONGDAILAIDEGEZHONGJIBING,YANGEZHIXINGQUANJINQUANCHUDESHENGCHANFANGSHI,DUJUEBUTONGLAIYUANDEZHUHUNQUNSIYANG。⑶GAOHAOZHUSHEHUANJINGWEISHENG,GAISHANXIAOQIHOUHUANJING,JIAQIANGSHENEIKONGQI LIUTONG,JIANSHAOYOUHAIQITIDUIZHUHUXIDAODECIJI。⑷ HELIDIAOZHENGZHUQUNSIYANGMIDU,JINLIANGJIANSHAOZHUQUNDEZHUANLANHEHUNQUNDAILAIDEGEZHONGYINGJI。

   4.2.2TIGAOYINGYANGSHUIPING,DUJUESHIYONGMEIBIANSILIAO

亚博足彩     SHIYONGYOUZHIYINGYANGFENGFUDESILIAO,TIGAOJITIDEDIKANGLI,TONGSHIZAIZIZHUDUANNAI、ZHUANQUN、TIANQITUBIANHUOMIANYIJIEZHONGSHI,ZAISILIAOHUOYINSHUIZHONGTIANJIADIANJIEDUOWEIHUOVCJIANXIAOZHUQUNYINGJI。DINGQIQINGLILIAOCAOZHONGSHENGYUSILIAO,YIFANGZHUSHIYONGMEIBAISILIAOZHONGDU。

亚博足彩     4.2.3ZUOHAOYIMIAOMIANYIJIEZHONG

    GENJUZHUCHANGHUXIDAOJIBINGLIUXINGTEDIANJIFASHENGZHONGLEI,ZHIDINGKEXUEHELIDEMIANYICHENGXU。ZAIZUOHAOZHUWEN、ZHUWEIKUANGQUAN、ZHUYUANHUANDENGJICHUMIANYIGONGZUODEJICHUSHANG,ZAIGENJUZHUCHANGQINGKUANGXUANZEXINGDIZUOHAOZHUCHUAN QIBING、FUZHUSHIXUEGANJUNBING、ZHULIANQIUJUNBING、ZHUCHUANRANXINGXIONGMOFEIYAN、ZHUWEISUOXINGBIYANDENGMIANYIJIEZHONGGONGZUO,YIFANGZHIZHUHUXIDAOYIBINGDEFASHENG。

亚博足彩    4.2.4KEXUEJINXINGYAOWUFANGZHI

亚博足彩     SHISHI、KEXUE、HELIDEYAOWUBAOJIANDUIFANGZHIZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGYESHIBIXUDE,DUIYUYOUXIAOKONGZHIZHUHUXIDAOZONGHEZHENG,XUANZEXIAOGUOHAODEYAOWUJIHESHIDEYONGYAOSHIJIBIJIAOGUANJIAN!DUIYUFABINGZHUCHANGYONGYAOQIEJIMANGMULUANYONG,YINGTONGGUOYAOMINSHIYANSHAIXUANSHIHEBENCHANGBINGYUANJUNDEMINGANYAOWUJINXINGFANGZHI。

4.3防控方案

亚博足彩     ⑴ ZUOHAOCHANFANG、BAOYUSHEQINGJIEXIAODUGONGZUO,BAOZHENGKONGLAN5TIANYISHANG。(2)MUZHUCHANQIANCHANHOU2ZHOUNEISILIAOHUOYINSHUITIANJIAYAOWUBAOJIAN:TAIMIAOJUNSU125g/DUN+JINMEISU400g/DUN+AMOXI LIN200g/DUN。(3)BURUZIZHUZUOHAOSANZHENBAOJIANGONGZUO(3、7、21TIAN)。(4)ZIZHUDUANNAI、ZHUANQUN、YIMIAOMIANYIQIANHOU3-5TIANSILIAOHUOYINSHUIZHONGTIANJIAKANGYINGJIYAOWU,YIJIANSHAOZHU QUNYINGJI。(5)BAOYUZHU、YUFEIZHU、HOUBEIZHUQUNFENJIEDUANDINGQISHISHIKANGJUNYAOWUDEYUFANGBAOJIAN。KEXUANZEZAISILIAOHUOYINSHUIZHONGTIANJIAYIXIAZUHEYAOWU:a.QIANGLIMEISU+HUANGANERJIAYANGMI DING+TMP(JIAYANGBIANANMIDING);b.TAIMIAOJUNSU+JINMEISU+AMOXILIN;c.TAIMIAOJUNSU+QIANGLIMEISU;d.FUBENNIKAO+AMOXILIN。(6)ZUOHAOYIMIAOMIANYIJIEZHONGGONGZUO。

    ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEZHIBINGYINSUFUZA,YINCI,DUIYUZHUHUXIDAOJIBINGDEKONGZHIYINGCAIQUZONGHEFANGKONGCUOSHI,FENBIECONGYOUFAYINSU、ZHIBINGBINGYUAN、GANRANTUJING、YIGANZHUQUNSIFANGMIANRUSHOU,JIA QIANGZHUCHANGSIYANGGUANLISHISHOUWEI,YUFANGMIANYIJIEZHONGSHIJICHU,DINGQIYAOWUBAOJIANSHIBAOZHANG,XITONGZUOHAOGEHUANJIEGONGZUO,CAIQUDUOXITONGPEIHE、DUOGUANQIXIADEFANGKONGSILU,YIYOUXIAODIJIANGDIZHUCHANGHUXIDAOJIBING DEFASHENG。

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